Understanding Contributing Factors and Causes of Drug Addiction

Drugs are basic elements of modern medicine. It’s difficult to imagine how infections can be treated, pain relieved, and depression alleviated without drugs. Each day, many lives are saved because of drugs. Even the seemingly insignificant problem of not being able to sleep can be solved with the use of drugs.

Indeed, drugs are life savers if used properly. But when abused or used illicitly, they can be “life takers.” The effects of drug addiction bring havoc to the user himself, to his family, and to society in general. While it’s true that the drugs which are subject to abuse keep getting stronger, even the prescription medications are not spared by illicit drug users.

Drug addiction causes severe harm to the body. This is an oft-repeated statement and no one disagrees with it. But what exactly are the causes of drug addiction?

In many respects, the answers to this question – which are supposed to shed light on the nature of the problem – are rather complicated. It is known that repeated use of certain substances can result to the user becoming dependent on them. This is most certain in the case of illicit drugs.

There are basically two kinds of dependence associated with drug addiction; physical dependence and psychological dependence. In physical dependence, the drug user has developed tolerance to the drug. This means that the doses the user takes become larger and larger, so that the level of “high” he experiences remains the same. The opiates (morphine and heroin) are perfect examples in this case.

Psychological dependence on a drug, on the other hand, is characterized by a compulsive emotional need for the drug. The cannabis (marijuana and hashish) may be used as examples in this instance.

Medical and scientific researches have come to the conclusion that drug addiction is both physical and psychological dependence; both have a biochemical basis on the brain, although the distinction between them is not very clear. This, perhaps, is the reason why today’s interpretation of the term “drug addiction” has been made rather easy to understand: It relates to a behavioral pattern that is characterized by compulsive use of a drug and an extreme concern with obtaining it.

There are also suggestions that having an “addictive personality” may contribute to a person becoming addicted to drugs. This means that a person’s tendency towards drug addiction may be determined by his physiological and biochemical makeup. In other words, the said tendency can be genetically inherited. But this factor needs further explaining; thus, a person with an addictive personality has probably inherited some factors that heighten vulnerability but do not make it inevitable that addiction to drugs will happen.

Psychological and environmental factors are those often linked to the occurrence of drug addiction. We have heard of many cases of people being driven to drug abuse because of problems in the family, poor living conditions, lack of confidence in oneself, social pressures, and stress. Of course, these factors alone do not make drug addiction incapable of being evaded.

Selecting the Best Alcohol Rehab Center

Alcohol addiction is a severe problem afflicting people across the board. The addiction can lead to extreme psychological problems and also cause unprovoked episodes of violent behavior. There are a number of highly reputed alcohol rehab centers all over the country which offer alcohol de-addiction programs, where the primary focus is on lending support to the addict to overcome not just the addiction, but also handle stress and fears.

The Treatment Process at Alcohol Rehab Centers

The first step towards de-addiction at the rehab centers involves detoxification. Detoxification involves withdrawal and resurgence of withdrawal. It can be painful procedure for the addict as the body finds it difficult to deal with the symptoms caused by the sudden lack of alcohol. However, medical therapists and doctors at the centers provide assistance to the addict through this difficult phase.

Once the addict is able to cope with the withdrawal symptoms the second phase of the de-addiction process is started. This involves counseling sessions with an expert counselor, adept in handling cases of alcohol abuse. There is group as well as individual counseling sessions at the treatment centers. An alcohol addict is generally in very poor mental, physical and emotional state which makes it essential that the treatment center provides the addict adequate medication, counseling and therapy that would help the individual to not just free themselves of alcohol but bounce back to life as well.

Duration of the Treatment

There is no fixed time span for the alcohol de-addiction treatment. The duration depends on various individual factors that decide the time the treatment will take. The key factors are the extent of addiction and the type of damage the addict has suffered. The treatment and complete recovery process depend on the mental, behavioral and emotional state of the patient. The patient has to be responsive for the doctors and medical experts to begin the treatment. The treatment is carried out in different phases.

Treatment for detoxification is the first phase of the de-addiction program. On an average the detoxification program lasts around 4 to 6 weeks depending on the response from the patient. After the detoxification program the patient is given therapy and counseling.

Therapy can sometimes take months as the therapist and the patient have to deal with a lot of issues such as emotional disturbances, behavioral problems and many such issues that lead to alcoholism. Sometimes the problems are deep rooted and go back to the individual’s childhood at others alcoholism stems from insecurities.

There are many other reasons to alcoholism and the therapist helps the patient to get to the cause and address it with the right perspective rather than shielding behind alcohol. Once the patient is stable and in control, the therapy sessions are continued as an outpatient treatment.

Getting Help for Addiction

There is a tremendous amount of awareness amongst people these days and they recognize alcohol addiction when they see it. Alcoholism is a common scourge of society, but the good thing is there is help available through drug and alcohol rehab centers. Alcoholism can be treated provided the right treatment is given to the addict.

How To Prevent Alcohol And Drug Addiction

Drug addiction is a serious disorder. If not treated, it can lead to crises like loss of employment, living quarters and important relationships. And as if this weren’t enough, this kind of addiction can cause illness and even death. Drug addiction is multi-layered and has a variety of causes as well as contributing factors. With the knowledge we have today, Simplistic anti-drug campaigns, such as the “Just Say No” program back in the 1980’s, and even more complex programs like “War on Drugs” is not very effective. The reason for this is that these campaigns do not address the root causes of drug addiction but battles the symptoms not the causes of drug addiction.

When most people consider a drug addiction problem, their minds go automatically to old movies or TV-series. A junkie trembling on a street corner, selling her own body for her next fix, or a tragic, pale old man lying in a gutter with a needle in his arm, or even a college girl snorting a line of crystal meth in a frat house bathroom during a wild party. These images are powerful indeed, but drug addiction generally creeps up in a slow but determined pace. Months or years are passing, during which time the addicted person is still able to function in a job, maintain a place to live as well as keeping relationships going. A drug or alcohol addiction problem generally passes slowly through several phases. Just because someone you know has not lost everything he or she owns to drugs does not have to mean that he or she does not have a drug addiction problem.

One of the most insidious drug addiction is prescription drug addiction, followed closely by alcohol addiction. Let’s face it; we are a nation of pill poppers and alcohol beverage drinkers. Since we were children we learned that if something hurts, we should take a pill to make the pain disappear. We also see that children are being prescribed drugs such as Ritalin in increasing amounts, as parents and doctors smudge the line between active, healthy kids and kids with a true Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). All the time we are bombarded with advertising for pain relievers, sleep medication and a lot of other remedies; prescribed and over the counter. Seen from this point of view, prescription drug addiction is not hard to understand. We hardly question the doctor thoroughly about the risk of dependency on any medication, since using medicine for almost any problem is so widely accepted. It’s so easy to take the drug without question and before we know it, we may have developed a prescription drug addiction.

Alcohol addiction is almost as easy to develop for much the same reason. We live in a culture of drinking. We often go out for cocktails after work or drinking beer with friends during a sports event slowly gives way to having one, two, three, even six or eight beers every night. It feels normal to continually re-visit the bar during a night at a pub. Next thing we identify is a full-blown alcohol drug addiction.

How harsh (or maybe great) it may sound, you are the only person that can prevent alcohol or drug addiction, due to the choices or decisions you make. Although addiction is classified as a disease, it may well be one of the few diseases that people choose to get. Each drug or alcohol addicted person started their life as an addict by making a choice. You are free to make the same choice or you can choose to not allow drug addiction to be your disease. It’s your choice and whether you like it or not, it is the price you have to pay for being a human with a free will.addiction a seat in your life. It’s up to you.